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The pine warbler (Setophaga pinus) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family.

Description

These birds have white bellies, two white wing bars, dark legs and thin, relatively long pointed bills; they have yellowish 'spectacles' around their eyes. Adult males have olive upperparts and bright yellow throats and breasts; females and immatures display upperparts which are olive-brown. Their throats and breasts are paler. The adult male pine warbler looks somewhat similar to the yellow-throated vireo which may cause some identification problems.

Standard Measurements[2][3]
Total Body Length 5–5.75 in (127–146 mm)
Weight 12 g (0.42 oz)
Wingspan 8.75 in (222 mm)
Wing 68.9–72.8 mm (2.71–2.87 in)
Tail 52.9–56 mm (2.08–2.20 in)
Culmen 9.9–11.6 mm (0.39–0.46 in)
Tarsus 17.2–18.7 mm (0.68–0.74 in)

The song of this bird is a musical trill. Their calls are slurred chips.

Distribution and habitat

Female

Their breeding habitats are open pine woods in eastern North America. These birds are permanent residents in southern Florida. Some of them, however, migrate to northeastern Mexico and islands in Bermuda and the Caribbean. The first record for South America was a vagrant wintering female seen at Vista Nieve, Colombia, on 20 November 2002; this bird was foraging as part of a mixed-species feeding flock that also included wintering Blackburnian and Tennessee warblers.[4]

Behavior

They forage slowly on tree trunks and branches by poking their bill into pine cones. These birds also find food by searching for it on the ground. These birds mainly eat insects, seeds and berries.

Their nests are deep, open cups, which are placed near the end of a tree branch. Pine warblers prefer to nest in pine trees, hence their names. Three to five blotched white eggs are laid.[2]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Setophaga pinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22721719A94725481. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22721719A94725481.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b Godfrey, W. Earl (1966). The Birds of Canada. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada. p. 338.
  3. ^ Sibley, David Allen (2000). The Sibley Guide to Birds. New York: Knopf. p. 442. ISBN 0-679-45122-6.
  4. ^ Strewe, Ralf; Navarro, Cristobal (2004). "New and noteworthy records of birds from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region, north-eastern Colombia" (PDF). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 124 (1): 38–51. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-12-31. Retrieved 2020-03-17.

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    Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English Immature female pine warbler in Green-Wood Cemetery URL: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/user:Rhododendrites...
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  • Thumbnail for File:PineWarbler in EdenMD.jpg
    4.0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English A pine warbler captured in Eden, MD. author name string: Mint0ri Wikimedia username:...
    (4,608 × 3,456 (6.23 MB)) - 05:33, 3 January 2023
  • Thumbnail for File:PineWarbler and NorthernParula in EdenMD02.jpg
    4.0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English A pine warbler and northern parula both captured in Eden, MD. author name string: Mint0ri...
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    4.0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English A pine warbler and northern parula both captured in Eden, MD. author name string: Mint0ri...
    (4,201 × 2,505 (1.79 MB)) - 05:32, 3 January 2023
  • Synonyms Dendroica pinus Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Pine Warbler'] English: Pine Warbler català: bosquerola dels pins Cebuano: Dendroica pinus čeština: lesňáček...
    2 KB (250 words) - 12:37, 29 April 2018
  • Thumbnail for File:Pine Warbler (13975076984).jpg
    DescriptionPine Warbler (13975076984).jpg Pine Warbler Date 20 April 2014, 12:00 Source Pine Warbler Author CheepShot...
    (1,091 × 721 (148 KB)) - 02:21, 21 April 2023
  • Thumbnail for File:Pine warbler (24640166819).jpg
    DescriptionPine warbler (24640166819).jpg Pine warbler Date 8 February 2016, 10:28 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United...
    (4,231 × 2,820 (1.31 MB)) - 18:29, 4 October 2020
  • Thumbnail for File:Pine warbler (33938394044).jpg
    DescriptionPine warbler (33938394044).jpg Pine warbler Date 15 May 2017, 12:12 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United States...
    (2,745 × 1,830 (872 KB)) - 14:20, 17 April 2022
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    DescriptionPine warbler (19156822535).jpg Pine warbler Date 13 June 2015, 10:04 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United States...
    (2,218 × 1,479 (436 KB)) - 08:25, 21 May 2024
  • Thumbnail for File:Pine Warbler - female.jpg
    DescriptionPine Warbler - female.jpg Female Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus), Michigan USA Date 28 May 2009, 12:49 Source Pine Warbler female Author Dominic...
    (1,280 × 960 (569 KB)) - 04:11, 30 October 2020
  • Thumbnail for File:Pine warbler (40720849895).jpg
    DescriptionPine warbler (40720849895).jpg Pine warbler Date 13 April 2018, 14:54 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United...
    (2,659 × 1,773 (631 KB)) - 07:50, 17 April 2022
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    DescriptionPine warbler (27669103847).jpg Pine warbler Date 1 June 2018, 15:52 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United States...
    (3,219 × 2,146 (770 KB)) - 14:20, 17 April 2022
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    DescriptionPine warbler (33971532323).jpg Pine warbler Date 15 May 2017, 12:12 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United States...
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    DescriptionPine warbler (44972129495).jpg Pine warbler Date 14 November 2018, 16:53 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United...
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    DescriptionPine warbler (24012075638).jpg Pine warbler Date 20 October 2017, 12:38 Source Pine warbler Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United...
    (2,184 × 1,456 (651 KB)) - 14:20, 17 April 2022
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