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The warbling vireo (Vireo gilvus) is a small North American songbird.

Its breeding habitat is open deciduous and mixed woods from Alaska to Mexico and the Florida Panhandle. It often nests in widely spaced trees, often cottonwood or aspen, along streams or rivers. It migrates to Mexico and Central America.

Measurements:[2]

  • Length: 4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.6 oz (10-16 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7 in (22 cm)

They are mainly olive-grey on the head and upperparts with white underparts; they have brown eyes and the front of the face is light. There is a white supercilium. They have thick blue-grey legs and a stout bill. Western birds are generally smaller and have darker grey crowns.

Warbling vireos forage for insects in trees, hopping along branches and sometimes hovering. They also eat berries, especially before migration and in winter quarters, where they are – like other vireos – apparently quite fond of gumbo-limbo seeds, though they will not venture into human-modified habitat to get them.[3] They make a deep cup nest suspended from a tree branch or shrub, placed relatively high in the east and lower in the west. The male helps with incubation and may sing from the nest.

The warbling vireo's song is a cheerful warble, similar to that of the painted bunting and the purple finch. There are subtle differences in song between eastern and western birds, at least where the ranges meet in Alberta. Some authorities split the eastern and western races of this species into separate species: The western warbling vireo, V. swainsoni, includes V. g. swainsoni, which breeds from southeastern Alaska and southwestern Northwest Territories to the Sierra San Pedro Mártir, Baja California, and V. g. brewsteri, which breeds from southern Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana to south-central Oaxaca. These two subspecies winter in Mexico. The swainsoni group also includes V. g. victoriae, an isolated population breeding in the Sierra de la Laguna, Baja California Sur, and migrating to unknown wintering grounds.[4]

The eastern warbling vireo, V. gilvus, breeds from central Alberta and northern Montana east and south through most of the United States and parts of southern Canada, outside the range of the previous group. It winters south of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec from south-central Chiapas to Nicaragua. It completes its autumn molt on the breeding grounds, while the swainsonii group completes it after leaving.[4]

The brown-capped vireo (Vireo leucophrys), resident in Central America and northern South America, is sometimes considered conspecific with the warbling vireo.

Notes

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2017). "Vireo gilvus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T22735122A118696277. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22735122A118696277.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Warbling Vireo Identification, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology". www.allaboutbirds.org. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  3. ^ Foster (2007)
  4. ^ a b Gardali, Thomas and Grant Ballard. 2000. Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online 2009-06-22. Subscription required.

References

  • Foster, Mercedes S. (2007): The potential of fruiting trees to enhance converted habitats for migrating birds in southern Mexico. Bird Conservation International 17(1): 45–61. doi:10.1017/S0959270906000554 PDF fulltext
  • Hilty, Steven L. (2003): Birds of Venezuela. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
  • Stiles, F. Gary & Skutch, Alexander Frank (1989): A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Comistock, Ithaca. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4

External links


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    0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) object has role: photographer author name string: VJAnderson...
    (2,732 × 2,169 (1.96 MB)) - 03:18, 7 July 2022
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    0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) object has role: photographer author name string: VJAnderson...
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    0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) object has role: photographer author name string: VJAnderson...
    (2,548 × 1,830 (1.79 MB)) - 03:18, 7 July 2022
  • Thumbnail for File:Vireo gilvus.jpg
    Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo from US Forestry Service Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Fremont National Forest https://creativecommons...
    (250 × 363 (18 KB)) - 09:53, 4 January 2015
  • Thumbnail for File:Warbling vireo in Prospect Park (70447).jpg
    BY-SA 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 truetrue English Warbling vireo in Prospect Park author name string: Rhododendrites URL: https://commons...
    (1,297 × 870 (1.23 MB)) - 16:20, 5 March 2024
  • Familia: Vireonidae • Genus: Vireo • Species: Vireo gilvus Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Warbling Vireo'] English: Warbling Vireo العربية: أخيضر مغرد مصرى: اخيضر...
    484 bytes (168 words) - 06:14, 2 April 2013
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    File:Bird lore (1909) (14569165877).jpg (category Vireo altiloquus (illustrations))
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo (37033621315).jpg Warbling Vireo Date 4 September 2017, 12:45 Source Warbling Vireo Author Mike's Birds from Riverside, CA, US...
    (1,881 × 1,410 (566 KB)) - 06:29, 9 September 2020
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus) (8079398683).jpg Sierra de la Laguna,Baja California Date 12 March 2010, 09:02 Source Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)...
    (960 × 641 (406 KB)) - 23:02, 3 January 2022
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    DescriptionVireo Gorjeador, Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus (13928651196).jpg Tepoztlán, Morelos, México Date 19 April 2014, 10:45 Source Vireo Gorjeador, Warbling...
    (1,087 × 1,630 (553 KB)) - 06:48, 29 October 2020
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    DescriptionVireo Gorjeador, Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus (16506708905).jpg Tepoztlán, Morelos, México Date 8 February 2015, 09:45 Source Vireo Gorjeador...
    (1,959 × 1,306 (367 KB)) - 14:47, 16 March 2024
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo (8639782267).jpg Carondelet Park in St. Louis City on 4/11/13 - CM Date 11 April 2013, 09:32 Source Warbling Vireo Author Andy...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (178 KB)) - 21:44, 10 September 2020
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    DescriptionWarbling vireo (48114613167).jpg Warbling vireo Date 14 June 2019, 10:51 Source Warbling vireo Author Melissa McMasters from Memphis, TN, United...
    (2,593 × 1,729 (755 KB)) - 23:02, 3 January 2022
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    DescriptionWarbling vireo (51165402350).jpg During the aforementioned bent neck episode, this warbling vireo alighted right above my head and sang for...
    (4,613 × 3,498 (5.7 MB)) - 16:12, 8 May 2023
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo (48588211417).jpg Warbling Vireo Date 20 August 2019, 10:09 Source Warbling Vireo Author Mike's Birds from Riverside, CA, US...
    (2,537 × 2,537 (1.37 MB)) - 08:14, 20 September 2022
  • Thumbnail for File:Warbling Vireo 7Z1E8133.jpg
    DescriptionWarbling Vireo 7Z1E8133.jpg English: warbling vireo Date 12 May 2010 Source Own work Author William H. Majoros...
    (1,336 × 765 (605 KB)) - 16:54, 8 September 2020
  • DescriptionVireo gilvus - Warbling Vireo XC561347.mp3 English: :Amplified audio. Heard from oak trees and deciduous trees. I saw a warbling vireo near the...
    (MP3 audio file, 20 s) - 07:35, 23 July 2022
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo (7115917841).jpg Cambridge, MA, April 26, 2012 Date 26 April 2012, 06:14 Source Warbling Vireo Uploaded by Magnus Manske Author...
    (1,430 × 1,205 (923 KB)) - 11:36, 2 October 2021
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo (8639780635).jpg Carondelet Park in St. Louis City on 4/11/13 - CM Date 11 April 2013, 09:31 Source Warbling Vireo Author Andy...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (152 KB)) - 21:44, 10 September 2020
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    DescriptionWarbling Vireo 7Z1E8476a.jpg English: warbling vireo Date 13 May 2010 Source Own work Author William H. Majoros...
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