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The yellow-bellied flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris) is a small insect-eating bird of the tyrant flycatcher family.

Description

Adults have greenish upperparts and yellowish underparts (especially on the throat), with a dusky wash on the chest. They have a white or yellow eye ring that lacks the teardrop projection of Pacific-slope (E. difficilis) or cordilleran (E. occidentalis) flycatchers, white or yellowish wing bars that contrast strongly against the black wings, a broad, flat bill, and a relatively short tail when compared to other members of the genus. The upper mandible of the bill is dark, while the lower mandible is orange-pink. DNA testing in 2014 confirmed a field mark, involving the extent of buffy edging on the secondaries, to reliably distinguish this species from the two so-called "Western Flycatchers."[2][3]

Measurements:[4]

  • Length: 5.1–5.9 in (13–15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3–0.6 oz (8.5–17.0 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1–7.9 in (18–20 cm)

Yellow-bellied flycatchers wait on a perch low or in the middle of a tree and fly out to catch insects in flight, sometimes hovering over foliage. They sometimes eat berries or seeds.

Yellow-bellied flycatcher song, recorded in Minnesota in late May

The yellow-bellied flycatcher's song can be transcribed as a rough, descending "tse-berk", which can be similar to the more common least flycatcher's snappier, more evenly pitched "che-bek."

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher at Rancho Naturalista Baja - Costa Rica

Breeding

Their breeding habitat is wet northern woods, especially spruce bogs, across Canada and the northeastern United States. They make a cup nest in sphagnum moss on or near the ground.

Migration

These birds migrate to southern Mexico and Central America.

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Empidonax flaviventris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22699839A93750697. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22699839A93750697.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ Engel, Joshua (26 November 2014). "A first for Illinois, discovered in The Field Museum's collection". Field Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  3. ^ Engel, Joshua (2 December 2014). "Follow up: A first for Illinois, discovered in the Field Museum's collection". Field Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  4. ^ "Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Identification, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology". www.allaboutbirds.org. Retrieved 27 September 2020.

External links


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  • Thumbnail for File:YellowbelliedFlycatcher23.jpg
    approved by: w:en:User:Dmcdevit. The original description was: Yellow-bellied flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris) Source: USDA Forest Service - Eastern...
    (250 × 240 (16 KB)) - 08:11, 9 September 2017
  • Thumbnail for File:BirdBeaksA.svg
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    (465 × 1,400 (193 KB)) - 18:29, 23 November 2023
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher - Empidonax flaviventris.jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher - Empidonax flaviventris.jpg Empidonax flaviventris, Ohio, United States English: Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Date 22...
    (2,736 × 1,824 (1.61 MB)) - 23:04, 24 October 2020
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (29813334087).jpg Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Date 9 September 2018, 15:26 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author Andy...
    (2,314 × 1,617 (1.32 MB)) - 20:15, 22 April 2021
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    (2,635 × 1,980 (703 KB)) - 19:18, 27 September 2022
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (37452678995).jpg Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Date 20 September 2017, 17:45 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author Andy...
    (2,624 × 1,785 (1.8 MB)) - 15:02, 12 May 2024
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (7776877456).jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (7776877456).jpg Horrible Documentation attempt at Tower Grove Park 8/13/2012 Date 13 August 2012, 14:55 Source Yellow-bellied...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (172 KB)) - 21:35, 16 October 2020
  • Baird, 1843) Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Yellow-bellied Flycatcher'] English: Yellow-bellied Flycatcher مصرى: صائد الذباب الاصفر ذو البطن català: mosquer...
    317 bytes (187 words) - 05:20, 4 May 2018
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (24785219429).jpg Costa Rica 2/14/16 Rancho Naturalista Date 14 February 2016, 11:45 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author...
    (3,952 × 2,745 (2.97 MB)) - 12:11, 9 May 2024
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (31015566568).jpg Tower Grove Park 9/21/18 Date 21 September 2018, 18:08 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author Andy...
    (2,544 × 2,168 (1.68 MB)) - 21:44, 25 November 2021
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (7776879566).jpg Horrible Documentation attempt at Tower Grove Park 8/13/2012 Date 13 August 2012, 14:55 Source Yellow-bellied...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (175 KB)) - 01:47, 10 October 2020
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (7777903646).jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (7777903646).jpg Another horrible documentation shot from Tower Grove 8/13/12 Date 13 August 2012, 17:59 Source Yellow-bellied...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (220 KB)) - 21:35, 16 October 2020
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (7777900390).jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (7777900390).jpg Another horrible documentation shot from Tower Grove 8/13/12 Date 13 August 2012, 17:59 Source Yellow-bellied...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (166 KB)) - 01:44, 12 October 2020
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    (3,221 × 2,537 (1.69 MB)) - 09:20, 15 October 2020
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (29513239984).jpg Tower Grove Park 10/5/16 Date 5 October 2016, 15:38 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author Andy...
    (3,008 × 2,371 (1.62 MB)) - 21:35, 16 October 2020
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    (4,831 × 3,405 (4.32 MB)) - 21:44, 25 November 2021
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (7776870714).jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (7776870714).jpg Horrible Documentation attempt at Tower Grove Park 8/13/2012 Date 13 August 2012, 14:54 Source Yellow-bellied...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (174 KB)) - 21:35, 16 October 2020
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    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (45036894841).jpg Tower Grove Park Date 29 September 2018, 11:48 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author Andy Reago...
    (3,061 × 2,299 (1.97 MB)) - 21:44, 25 November 2021
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (7777902040).jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (7777902040).jpg Another horrible documentation shot from Tower Grove 8/13/12 Date 13 August 2012, 17:59 Source Yellow-bellied...
    (1,920 × 1,080 (204 KB)) - 21:35, 16 October 2020
  • Thumbnail for File:Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (29846066240).jpg
    DescriptionYellow-bellied Flycatcher (29846066240).jpg Tower Grove Park 10/5/16 Date 5 October 2016, 15:36 Source Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Author Andy...
    (2,964 × 2,101 (1.32 MB)) - 21:35, 16 October 2020
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